Canadian artist Timothy Schmalz made a replica of the 3.8-ton, 20-foot long sculpture “Angels Unawares.” Pictured here at Boston College which housed this piece of art for the month of November, 2020. Depicting a crowd pressing together seeking a step forward, some of the figures depicted include Jesus, Mary, and Joseph fleeing to Egypt, a Cherokee walking the Trail of Tears, an Irish man leaving the potato famine, a Jew fleeing Nazi Germany, a Polish woman fleeing communism, a Muslim escaping civil war in Syria. Mother Cabrini, the patron saint of immigrants is depicted, as well as an angel assembled in following, showing God’s presence amidst people's movement toward better lives for themselves and their families.
A current event Oct 24, 2021 that invites papal reaction: “Don’t Send Migrants Back to Libya and ‘Inhumane’ Camps.” https://apnews.com/article/pope-francis-middle-east-religion-europe-mediterranean-sea-b140b99f28c238596a294f0614ffe080
Pope Francis’ encyclical Evangelii Gaudium or The Joy of the Gospel no 233:
“Realities are greater than ideas. This principle has to do with incarnation of the word and its being put into practice: “by this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is from God” (1 Jn 4:2). The principle of reality, of a word already made flesh and constantly striving to take flesh anew, is essential to evangelization. It helps us to see that the Church’s history is a history of salvation, to be mindful of those saints who inculturated the Gospel in the life of our peoples and to reap the fruits of the Church’s rich bi-millennial tradition, without pretending to come up with a system of thought detached from this treasury, as if we wanted to reinvent the Gospel. At the same time, this principle impels us to put the word into practice, to perform works of justice and charity which make that word fruitful.”
Papal exhortation, eg. Pope Francis’ The Church of Mercy: A vision for the Church, Loyola Press, 2014. This class of public teaching, general audiences, homilies, instructions to bishops, or to a lay movement. This selection “Refugees and Those Uprooted from Life” was an address given to the Participants in the Plenary of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, 24 May 2013:
“Above all I ask leaders and legislators and the entire international community to confront the reality of those who have been displaced by force, with effective projects and new approaches in order to protect their dignity, to improve the quality of their life, and to face the challenges that are emerging from modern forms of persecution, oppression, and slavery. They are human people--I stress this--who are appealing for solidarity and assistance, who need urgent action but, also and above all, understanding and kindness. God is good; let us imitate God.
[The condition of displaced peoples] cannot leave us indifferent. Moreover, as Church, we should remember that in tending the wounds of refugees, evacuees, and the victims of trafficking, we are putting into practice the commandment of love that Jesus bequeathed to us when he identified with the foreigner, with those who are suffering, with all the innocent victims of violence and exploitation. We should reread more often chapter 25 of the Gospel according to Mathew in which he speaks of the Last Judgment (see Matt. 25:31-46).
Here are Regional Bishop Conference source
(USCCB website on “Justice for Immigrants”)
(Umbrella USCCB website that has links to the two sites above)
“The main question of the hour is, How can religion be made compatible with a high degree of liberty and intelligence?”--Isaac Hecker
20 years before Pope Leo XIII started to speak to the world of the problems generated by the Industrial Revolution, Isaac Hecker attended Vatican I in 1869 as a proxy for Bishop Rosecrans of Columbus, Ohio, spreading his democratizing ideas, “but the times were not ripe for these new American ways of doing things.” --John J. Behnke. Isaac Thomas Hecker: Spiritual Pilgrim. Paulist Press, 2017. p47.
“The closer they are to God, the closer they become to one another; and the closer they are to one another, the closer they become to God.”--Dorothea of Gaza, cited in Roberta C. Bondi’s To Pray & to Love: Conversations on Prayer with the Early Church. Minneapolis: Fortress, 1991.
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What do you think of this passage? What is at stake here? How would you evaluate this author's claim? With what criteria do you support your view? Which authority would you point to as an authority of the principal at stake in your view?